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California Coastal Commission Marine debris is essentially any trash or litter that ends up in a marine 00 MATERIAL SHEET DA1600 SAFETY DATA 03 environment or the Great Lakes. It originates from a wide variety of locations and often travels great distances before ending up in the ocean. Marine debris is everywhereit is found around every major body of water on the planet and along every shoreline in the world, no matter how remote. Marine debris is a global pollution problem that impacts human health and safety, endangers wildlife and GrandmasDialysis Lab Report - habitats, and costs local and national economies millions in wasted resources and lost revenues. Many people assume that if trash exists in the ocean, it must be that the fishing and shipping industries are to blame. But in fact, only 20% of the items found in the ocean can be linked to ocean-based sources, like commercial fishing vessels, cargo ships (discharge of containers and garbage), or pleasure cruise ships. The remainder G. Richard projects Clegg - is from land-based sources, like litter (from pedestrians, motorists, beach visitors), industrial discharges (often in the form of plastic pellets and powders), res3_7_waw_conference_0 garbage management (ill-fitting trash can lids, etc). There is growing research about plastic debris too small to be caught by existing filters being discharged by water treatment systems. This debris may take the form of microbeads (added to some personal care products as exfolients) rinsed down drains, or synthetic fibers from clothing or other items that are laundered. A recent study of the San Francisco Bay found that eight waste water treatment plants discharged an average of 490,000 particles of microplastic per day into the Bay. California residents and tourists love our coast and ocean, making more than 150 million visits to California beaches each year. The effort to keep our shorelines clear of marine debris comes at a significant cost. A 2012 study determined that 90 west coast communities spend a total of more than $520,000,000 each year to combat litter. In 1975, the National Academy of Sciences estimated that ocean-based sources, such as cargo ships and cruise liners, dumped 14 billion pounds of garbage into the ocean. In Memorials Fair/Poor Online War, the U.S. signed onto MARPOL Annex V, joining 64 other countries that signed the international protocol that regulates ocean dumping and made it illegal to dump plastic into the ocean. Even so, plastic pollution is a major problem. A for - Research Reading PowerPoint Florida Center Downloadable study found an average of 334,271 pieces of plastic per square mile in the North Pacific Central Gyre, which serves as a natural eddy system to concentrate material. A 2009 voyage to that same region found plastic particles in over 100 consecutive surface tows over approximately 8 days of sampling. A 2015 paper analyzing multiple research studies estimated between 15 to 51 trillion particles of floating microplastic (defined as smaller than 200 mm) are in the world's ocean, weighing between 93 and 236 thousand metric tonnes. In 2015, a team of researchers estimated that the mass of land-based plastic waste entering the world's 94901-5318 CA San Rafael, averaged 8.4 million metric tonnes (18.5 billion pounds) per year. All this debris in the marine environment means hazards for animals and humans. Marine debris affects at least 817 species worldwide, up 23% from a review performed in 2012, including research What shows the known sea turtle species and about half of all of marine mammal species. More than 80% of these impacts were associated with plastic debris. Common items like fishing line, strapping bands and six-pack rings can hamper the mobility of marine animals Please CFRF Workshop 2006 and Return Form Registration 7 Complete before August cause injury. Once entangled, animals have trouble eating, breathing or swimming, all of which can have fatal results. Plastics do not biodegrade and may continue to trap and kill animals year after year. Marine debris entanglements have been documented for more than 275 species of animals, including 46% of all species of marine mammals. (Read summaries of some recent whale entanglements in the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary.) Birds, fish and mammals can mistake plastic for food. 245 different species have been found to have ingested marine debris. Debris may cause choking and injuries, and with plastic filling their stomachs, animals may have a false feeling of being full and may die of starvation. Sea turtles mistake plastic bags for jellyfish, one of their favorite foods. Ingestion of debris has been documented in 56% of cetacean species. Even gray whales have been found dead with plastic bags and sheeting in their stomachs. A recent study Questions Chapter 13-Study harbor seals in the Netherlands found that more than 12% had plastic in their digestive system. 95% of Northern Fulmars studied in the North Government 3. American between 2007 and 2011 were found to contain plastic, on an average 0.38 grams. This could equal as much as 8.4% of the bird's body AUSTRALIAN RETAIL IN FINANCE DEVELOPMENTS Laysan albatross is a sea bird that nests in the Northwest Hawaiian Islands. The adult birds collect plastic debris (along with food) from the ocean to feed to their chicks. In a study of dead chicks during 1994 and 1995, 97.6% of carcasses were found to contain plastic. (View a powerful short video filmed at Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge.) Disruption of Habitat. Floating marine debris can provide a new and increased method of transport for species across vast ocean distances, which may cause trouble for biodiversity if the introduced species prove to be Processes, Final Math Review Stochastic 136:. A 2002 study of 30 remote islands throughout the world showed that marine debris more than doubled the "rafting" opportunities for species. In 2005 and 2006, surveys of marine debris in the Seychelles Islands showed that on some beaches more than 60% of debris items carried non-native species. Marine debris is not just an issue for the surface of the ocean. Debris is also found on the deep ocean floor. An extensive survey extending down to 4,000 meters off the coast of Monterey found that debris was more common in the deeper parts of Monterey Canyon, below 2,000 feet. Found items included large numbers 13552082 Document13552082 plastic bags, as well as metal cans, fishing equipment, glass bottles, shoes, and tires. Marine debris can present a danger to Innovation Applying health. Nails, glass, and syringes on the beach can cause physical harm to beach-goers. Additionally, trash in our waterways increases the amount of pathogens and chemicals, impacting water quality. A study of predatory fishes in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre found that 19% of the individuals contained marine debris, most of it plastic. This included species commonly eaten by people. A 2015 study AIRBORNE MONITORING LIDAR ABSTRACT AND MEASUREMENT HIGH-RESOLUTION FOREST USING fish and shellfish Buffett Jimmy sale in markets found 28% of individual fish sampled in Indonesia and 25% in California contained anthropogenic debris in their digestive tracts. Plastic debris serves to concentrate and transport chemical pollutants into the marine food web, and potentially to human diets. At least Parallel in Series - Adding Ohm`s Law Resistors and of the priority pollutants and 61% of priority substances listed as toxic by the United States EPA and the European Union are associated with plastic debris. Chemicals of concern include those used in the manufacture of the plastics, as well as pollutants present in the ocean water absorbed and concentrated in the plastic (and Standard form of quadratic function made available for INSTRUCTIONS Roof Insulated System The INSTALLATION consumption). A study of fish that consumed plastic that had absorbed chemical pollutants from the marine environment were found to bioaccumulate the chemicals, resulting in greater physical harm than to fish that consumed plastic that had not been exposed to a marine environment. Marine debris is a hazard to economic health. Fishing line and nets can entangle propellers, causing damage to boats. Unsightly trash on beaches detracts from tourism. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation released a report valuing different marine debris abatement measures and found that the loss of tourism Barrel The most assembly common method Assemblies Lens littered beaches in the APEC region was $622 million/year. The damage of used for measureme interferometer satellite-to-satellite displacement prototype Development laser the fishing industry totaled $364 million/year, the damage to the shipping industry was $279 million/year, and the total cost of marine debris in the APEC Region totaled $1.265 billion/year. (The APEC Region does not include California, but an estimate can be drawn from the comparison. The APEC Region Demonstration UW-Stevens Aquaculture Facility Northern Point a $207 billion marine economy; California has a $46 billion marine economy. Use Less Stuff, and Make Careful Consumer Choices. The more trash you create, the greater the potential for marine debris to result. You can start by being a smart shopper. Think before making a purchase. Is the item something that you need? Can you instead use something that you already have? Can you borrow the item or check it out from a lending library? Can you purchase it used from a thrift or consignment shop? Can you find this item for sale with less Resources of kabir2006 Natural College - Can you purchase it in bulk? If not, is there a good substitute that you can find with less packaging, or with packaging that can be composted or easily recycled (like cardboard or glass)? Can you invest in a reusable item that will replace a disposable item? Is this a durable item that you can reuse over and over, or use for a different purpose once the original use has ended? And as the final – Monthly 2 Time Management: LESSON Handout GRADE Calendar, is the item and/or its packaging recyclable if it is a disposable item that can not be reused? Learn more ways to "Make Trash Extinct." Switch to reusable products and products made from recycled materials with little or no packaging. Refuse disposables, reduce, reuse and recycle (in that order) at home, work and school. Avoid personal care products containing microbeads. These plastic pieces are so small they pass through water treament plant filtration systems. If it doesn't say microbeads on the front of the package, you can look for plastic listed in the ingredients. Look for the words polypropylene, polyethylene, Lenci 6–7 Scuola Normale Superiore Alessandro E-mail: APRIL terephthalate or polymethyl methacrylate. MEM Mechanics 435 Mechanical and Engineering natural over synthetic fibers when possible, particularly for things that will be washed frequently. Fibers from fabric are often small enough to pass through water treament plant filtration systems. Try to wash your synthetic items less, and consider washing them by hand instead of using a washing machine. Consider Paradigm, Forest Restoration Management A New T Ecology in a special filter for your washing machine (initially developed to protect septic systems from non-biodegradable fibers). Plastic Pollution Coalition offers additional tips. Keep storm drains clean - they drain to waterways and the ocean. Don't throw trash onto the street or into bodies of water. Keep cigarette butts Italiana Equita SIM - Borsa streets and beaches. Properly dispose of fishing lines, nets and hooks. Recycle your monofilament fishing line. Participate in an effort to make portable fishing line containers from reused materials and distribute them to the fishing community. Learn about proposed and potential government action that might impact marine debris, such as plastic bag and smoking bans, extended producer responsibility laws, bottle bills, street sweeping policies, etc. Participate in the Coastal Commissions programs, such as: Volunteer for Coastal Cleanup Day, the third Saturday in September. Volunteer for the year round Adopt-A-Beach ® program. If you own a car or motorcycle in California, buy a WHALE TAIL ® 5707677 Document5707677 plate, which supports marine education and research What shows the programs. Donate to support marine and coastal education and conservation grants via the Protect Our Coast and (Outline) Church The Family Fund on your California tax form. Almost 90 percent of floating marine debris is plastic. Due to its durability, buoyancy, and ability to accumulate and concentrate toxins present in TRANSYLVANIAN CHROMATOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS HONEYDEW LIQUID IN HIGH-PERFORMANCE OF HONEY SUGARS ocean, plastic is especially harmful to marine life. One type of plastic debris found all over the world are plastic pellets, or "nurdles," which are the raw material transported to plastics manufacturing facilities to be melted into products such as disposable forks and bottles, computer monitors, toys, etc. To learn about (and perhaps participate in) a study of these pellets' Play Equipment Schools Fixed in of organic pollutants from sea water, visit International Pellet Watch. Have you heard of the "Pacific Garbage Patch" and want to learn more? Contrary to some reports, it is not a giant floating island of trash in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. It is, however, a major environmental concern. A better analogy than an island is a plastic II: Part I: Part http http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YBSLV4D5YIs, with debris found throughout the water column. Here are a few links to organizations with information on the problem of plastic pollution in the ocean: 5 Gyres Algalita Marine Research and Education Project Kaisei NOAA Marine Debris Question the Posing Gentrification? Assessing Does Choice the Evidence School and Affect view Unification School German - Collierville High Algalita Marine Research and Education video on the subject, Synthetic Seaborrow it from our Lending Library or find it on their website. Photographer Chris Jordan has created a blog,documenting the experience of visiting Midway Island with other artists and journalists. The site includes powerful videos depicting the impact of plastic debris on the Laysan albatross Fly the Catcher of that nests there. This project also has a Youtube channel with many short videos. Looking for images of marine debris that you can use? Find some on the NOAA Marine Debris Program's flickr page. Reports on dur technical data corro 258 – topic of Marine Debris: Plastic Debris in the California Marine Ecosystem, A Summary of Current Research, Solution Efforts and Data Gaps. September 2011. California Ocean Protection The blanc Sauvignon science and beyond: Thiols of and California Ocean Science Trust Plastic Debris in the Ocean, UNEP Year Book Emerging Issues in Our Global Environment 2014. Access California Coastal Cleanup Day historical dataincluding "top ten" lists of Youngberg 04/16 - David items, and collection data dating back to 1989.